The following abrevations describe the degree of power or volume the music is played with.
These are abrevations of Italian expressions for the volume. pp means "pianissimo", p "piano", mp "mezzo piano", mf "mezzo forte", f "forte", ff "fortissimo" and sfz sforzando.
There are simbols, that represent the timing of a piece or just a measure or note. Again some Italian "comments".
Here are the "technical terms" for the speed of the piece and the beats per minute that they represent.
|Largo||40 - 60 bpm|
|Larghetto||60 - 66 bpm|
|Adagio||66 - 76 bpm|
|Andante||76 - 108 bpm|
|Moderato||108 - 120 bpm|
|Allegro||120 - 168 bpm|
|Presto||168 - 200 bpm|
|Prestissimo||200 - 208 bpm|
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Last modified on Friday, 2. January 2009